Sunday, September 27, 2020

History of Eastman Kodak Company (information taken from Wikipedia)

This is a picture of the first Kodak Camera 

This is the camera my father used .

The Eastman Kodak Company (referred to simply as Kodak /ˈkoʊdæk/) is an American public company that produces various products related to its historic basis in analog photography. The company is headquartered in Rochester, New York, and is incorporated in New Jersey.[3] Kodak provides packaging, functional printing, graphic communications, and professional services for businesses around the world. Its main business segments are Print Systems, Enterprise Inkjet Systems, Micro 3D Printing and Packaging, Software and Solutions, and Consumer and Film.[4][5][6] It is best known for photographic film products.

Kodak was founded by George Eastman and Henry A. Strong on September 4, 1888. During most of the 20th century, Kodak held a dominant position in photographic film. The company's ubiquity was such that its "Kodak moment" tagline entered the common lexicon to describe a personal event that deserved to be recorded for posterity.[7] Kodak began to struggle financially in the late 1990s, as a result of the decline in sales of photographic film and its slowness in moving to digital photography, despite developing the first self-contained digital camera.[8] As a part of a turnaround strategy, Kodak began to focus on digital photography and digital printing and attempted to generate revenues through aggressive patent litigation.[9][10]

In January 2012, Kodak filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection in the United States Bankruptcy Court for the Southern District of New York.[11][12][13] Shortly thereafter Kodak announced that it would stop making digital cameras, pocket video cameras, and digital picture frames and focus on the corporate digital imaging market.[14] Digital cameras are still sold under the Kodak brand by JK Imaging Ltd under an agreement with Kodak. In August 2012, Kodak announced its intention to sell its photographic film, commercial scanners, and kiosk operations, as a measure to emerge from bankruptcy, but not its motion picture film operations.[15] In January 2013, the Court approved financing for Kodak to emerge from bankruptcy by mid-2013.[16][17] Kodak sold many of its patents for approximately $525,000,000 to a group of companies (including Apple, Google, Facebook, Amazon, Microsoft, Samsung, Adobe Systems, and HTC) under the names Intellectual Ventures and RPX Corporation.[18][19] On September 3, 2013, the company emerged from bankruptcy having shed its large legacy liabilities and exited several businesses.[20] Personalized Imaging and Document Imaging are now part of Kodak Alaris, a separate company owned by the UK-based Kodak Pension Plan.[21][22]

In response to the COVID-19 pandemic, in 2020 Kodak announced it would begin production of pharmaceutical materials.[23]

Saturday, September 26, 2020



Our 23rd Annual
Utah Humanities Book Festival


Many thanks to everyone has attended initial events for our first-ever entirely virtual book festival! We have many events coming up next week and invite you to add them to your calendar and join us.

This 2020 book festival is our first-ever entirely virtual festival (via Zoom) and features scores of events, authors, and conversations in six categories.

Remember to check our Book Festival Calendar and download our digital Book Festival Programs for a complete listing of events by category.


September 28 | 7 PM | Books of the 19th Century
Join Reid Moon of Moon's Rare Books as he shares some literary treasures from the time of Louisa May Alcott. You will get to see some rare first editions and some examples of children's and adult books of bygone days. Zoom link.
September 28 | 7 PM | Sadie Hoagland and Sian Griffiths
Sadie Hoagland is author of American Grief in Four Stages, a collection of stories that imagines trauma as a space in which language fails us and narrative escapes us. Siân Griffiths, author of The Heart Keeps Faulty Time, spins the familiar on its heels in ten short stories brimming with captivating imagery. Join us for a reading and Q&A. Zoom link.

September 29 | 7 PM | Poetry Reading with Rob Carney and Ken Waldman
There's a lunatic logic at work in Rob Carney's Facts & Figures from the opening section of thirteen facts to the final pages inspired by Christopher Smart, the 18th-century poet locked away in an asylum with his cat. Ken Waldman's Sports Page transports us from the field to the press box to our own personal spaces, where we battle invisible ghosts and unlikely dreams and, sometimes, we lose. Join us for a reading and Q&A. Zoom link.
September 29 | 7 PM | Best Books for Book Clubs
Weber Book Links is excited to host our annual Best Books for Book Clubs. Learn how to choose thought provoking titles for your book club on topics sure to spark lively debate. Catch up on the best books published this year and become versed on great discussion guide resources. Zoom link.
September 30 | 5:30 PM | Nature's Best Hope 
Recent headlines about global insect declines, the impending extinction of one million species worldwide, and three billion fewer birds in North America are a bleak reality check about how ineffective our current landscape designs have been at sustaining the plants and animals that sustain us. Join Swaner Preserve and Ecocenter and Doug Tallamy, author of Nature's Best Hope, for a conversation about the simple steps we can take to improve our ecosystems. Zoom link.

October 1 | 7 PM | Meg and Jo
We are delighted to have New York Times best-selling and award-winning author Virginia Kantra join us from her home this evening to discuss her modern retelling of the story of the two eldest March girls, Meg and Jo. Zoom link. 
October 1 | 7 PM | Shira Dentz and Adam Davis
Shira Dentz is author of SISYPHUSINA is a cross-genre collection of prose, poetry, visual art, and improvisatory music, centered on female aging. Adam O. Davis is author of Index of Haunted Houses, a book of ghost stories. Join us for a reading and Q&A with the authors. Zoom link.
October 2 | 7 PM | University of Utah Black Cultural Center presents Maaza Mengiste
A gripping novel set during Mussolini's 1935 invasion of Ethiopia,The Shadow King takes us back to the first real conflict of World War II, casting light on the women soldiers who were left out of the historical record. Join us for a reading and Q&A with Maaza Mengiste. Zoom link.

October 2 | 7 PM | Cliff Notes Writing Conference presents Dianne Oberhansly
The Cliff Notes Writing Conference is excited to host fiction writer Dianne Nelson Oberhansly for a reading and Q&A about their work. She is the author of A Brief History of Male Nudes in America, which received the 1992 Flannery O'Connor Award for Short Fiction. Zoom Link. 
October 2 | 7 PM | Virtual Coyote Tales 
Coyote Tales and storytellers from Kayenta and across the nation are joining forces to bring you a remarkable evening of storytelling. Tonight, we will entertain you online with stories to make you laugh or cry or both. Zoom link.
October 3 | 2 PM | Furia
We're delighted to announce a virtual event with Yamile Saied Martinez discussing her new book, Furia in an interview with Christian McKay Heidicker. Furia was recently selected by Reese Witherspoon as her second ever Reese's Book Club YA Pick! Zoom Link.

October 3 | 6 PM | Newbery Film Festival
The 90-Second Newbery Film Festival is an annual video contest in which kid filmmakers create short movies that tell the entire stories of Newbery award-winning books in about 90 seconds. This year you will be able to enjoy the film festival from the comfort of your home! Zoom link.
October 3 | 7 PM | Cliff Notes Writing Conference presents David Lee
The Cliff Notes Writing Conference is excited to host David Lee, author of Mine Tailings. The first poet laureate of Utah, Lee received the Utah Governor's Award for lifetime achievement in the arts. Zoom link.

Remember to visit our Book Festival Calendar for a Full Listing of Events!


Thursday, September 24, 2020

Union Store

The following is a History of the Union Store written by Louise Johansen: 

Some people in Mt. Pleasant or in Sanpete County, Utah, may be unaware of the fact that for a period of

over twenty years there was a Z.C.M.I. branch store in Mt. Pleasant, and that it occupied three different
locations during those years.

I sometimes heard my father speak of the old store known by that name, and I became interested in its
history as I learned that the large red brick building I knew to be the Union Store had once housed the early
Z.C.M.I. in the years of my father‘s youth.18

The Union Store in Mt. Pleasant stood on the present site of the Doughboy monument and the Armory
Hall on Main and State streets. It faced south, and I found out that it was the first building erected in town that required a break in the old pioneer fort wall. Some rocks had to be removed from the southwest corner of the big wall in preparation for it.

I had also heard reference to a small store in early days that was called Z.C.M.I. and was on south State

street. Still I heard of another location where a store was known by the same name. That building I

remembered, but I knew it as a blacksmith shop on the corner of Main and state streets (southwest corner).

My interest was challenged by the various locations known as the early day sites of the store, and

research led me to several references recorded by Andrew Madsen, a grand uncle of mine. His daughter

compiled his information on early day Mt. Pleasant, and a book was sponsored by the Pioneer Historical

Association of that town.

The book was sold for many years by the Association, but has been out of print for years as it was a

limited edition. With this in mind I pass information along to share with many who have not had the privilege

of reading and knowing about that old branch Z.C.M.I.

The Mt. Pleasant store was organized in 1870 after the pattern of the store that had been established the

previous year in Salt Lake City, and named the Zion‘s Co-operative Mercantile Institution. The local company was begun with seven hundred dollars worth of stock subscribed by various individuals, among who were: W.S. Seely, P.M. Peel, Andrew Madsen, N.P. Madsen, Jacob Christensen, Niels Widergren Anderson, Peter Monsen, Hans Poulsen, J.W. Seely, Hans Y. Simpson, Mortin Rasmussen, and W.S. Seely was chosen as the first manager and superintendent. Andrew Madsen and C.N. Lund served later as superintendents. I was intrigued by the fact that my grandfather, Niels Peter Madsen, had been one of the first and principal investors.

Business began in one small room of a log building on the east side of State Street at Third South.

Anthon H. Lund was a clerk there for a short time. Then the company built a larger, new log building on the

southwest corner of the Main and State Street intersection where the drug store now stands. The logs of that

new store were chinked with mud and the room was plastered with mud. Outside, above the door a large sign read: ―Z.C.M.I.

Charles Hampshire and Olaf Sorensen were the clerks. One spoke English and the other Danish, so

customers were understood and helped no matter which language they spoke. The store carried a variety of

merchandise and developed a fine trade.

All trading was done at that time by written order or printed due bills for which people traded their

produce. The produce was then freighted to Pioche, Nevada, and other mining towns where cash was received for it. Long trips were made with mule or horse teams, and the shorter trips with ox teams. It was seldom that a silver dollar was seen in Mt. Pleasant in those days, and the produce was as valuable as money would have been.

By 1878, it was found that even the mud-plastered building was very inadequate for the volume of

business being done. So a two-story red brick building was planned and built on the corner opposite from the one chinked with mud. It later became the Wilson blacksmith ship that I recall.

The brick used in the new store was made at a brick yard west of town, and was mixed with horse

power. After the adobes were formed they were covered with burlap and sand until thoroughly dry, then packed and burned for a week or two. Cedar wood from the Cedar Hills was used for burning.

A ladder was placed and men formed a bucket brigade that carried water up the ladder where it was

poured over the kiln until the bricks were saturated. Any brick with lime in it would burst and be discarded.

The good bricks were tested again by laying them in running water for several days.

Nothing but the first class bricks and other materials were used in building the new store. The huge

timbers were hewn with a broad axe, and smoothed with drawing knives. A large basement furnished ample

room for the storing of commodities on hand, and at its peak the store carried a twelve thousand dollar stock.19

An outside stairway along the east side of the store led to a theatre and dance hall in the second story

that served as an up-to-date amusement center accommodating larger crowds than the previously used Social Hall on the church square.

When the term of incorporation of Mt. Pleasant Z.C.M.I. expired, the stockholders decided to

incorporate under the name of Equitable Co-op, and sometimes it was referred to as the Co-op Store. Later the name was changed to Union Store and was managed by Andrew Madsen for many years. The building was finally razed to provide a site for the Armory Hall and Doughboy monument.

Sunday, September 20, 2020

Friday, September 18, 2020

Rasmus Clausen

This History is taken from the book "The Family History of William Bristol, Ane Marie Sophie Clausen, Joseph Cambron, and their Descendants ...... Written by Pat L. Sagers. 

note: ( In the prior posting of the Clausen Family I inadvertently left out a page.  I have since corrected it.  It can be seen in its entirety here):;postID=3946213229172093818;onPublishedMenu=posts;onClosedMenu=posts;postNum=40;src=link

Thursday, September 17, 2020

LaRue Johnson Beck Stewart Has Passed ON


LaRue Johnson Beck Stewart

5/24/1927 ~ 9/8/2020

Mt. Pleasant — LaRue Johnson Beck Stewart, 93, beloved wife, mother, grandmother, great grandmother, and great great grandmother returned home to parents, siblings, husbands, son, granddaughter, grandson & great grandson in Orem, Utah (on her son, Stephen Kelly Beck’s birthday). She was born in Fairview to Myron Levi Johnson and Margaret Luella Terry Johnson on May 24, 1927. She was the youngest of seven children. She attended grade school and middle school in Fairview and graduated from North Sanpete High School in 1945. LaRue was selected as Miss Liberty (Miss Fairview) the year after she graduated from high school. She worked as a bookkeeper for Bradshaw Auto Parts after graduating. While working she met Delmar Jacob Beck and was married April 2, 1947 in the Manti Temple. Starting in 1963 Mom worked as a manager of the school lunch program for North Sanpete High School and Mt. Pleasant Elementary. She then worked as the North Sanpete District School Lunch Supervisor over the seven schools in the district for 10 1/2 years. During this tenure, LaRue had the privilege of working on the State School Lunch Association Committee for several years. She was the first certified chairman over getting all school lunch workers certified in Utah. This gave LaRue many opportunities to visit other districts, lunch programs and conventions.

Mother was a member of the Laicos Club since 1955 and enjoyed socializing with the many friends she made during this time.

She and Daddy loved to dance and taught dancing for years. Our parents were devoted to serving the Lord and teaching their children the gospel of Jesus Christ. They were married for 40 wonderful years and were given the opportunity to serve as ordinance workers in the Manti LDS Temple. After Delmar passed away August 29, 1987, she met Leo Lavern Stewart and they were married in the Manti Temple on July 11, 1988. Leo and LaRue were selected as the Sweetheart Couple for Snow College Institute, which was a great privilege in February 2000. Momma loved to travel and she and Leo had the blessing of traveling to many countries. She felt she was very fortunate to travel to Israel where the Savior lived, walked, taught, blessed and died. Each member of LaRue’s family were very dear to her and she shared her love with each of them.

She held many church callings and enjoyed them all. When she was in the Stake Primary Presidency, they arranged to attend General Conference and stayed at the Hotel Utah. Throughout Mother’s life she met each challenge, and there were many, with a positive attitude and knew they would pass and be for her best good – always relying on the Savior.

Mom and Delmar were blessed with four children: J. Dee (Linda), Stephen Kelly deceased (Vicki), Susan Lynnette (Brent) and Lizetta. Leo’s children are Leonard Earl (LaWauna), Donna Marie (Ed), and Kenneth Lee (Karen). She had 31 grandchildren, 88 great-grandchildren, and 32 great-great-grandchildren.

Graveside service was held Monday, at 11:00 at Fairview City Cemetery under the care of Rasmussen Mortuary. Viewings will be held Sunday, September 13, from 6-8 p.m. and Monday from 9:30 – 10:30 a.m. prior to services at Rasmussen Mortuary, Mt. Pleasant, UT.    

Wednesday, September 16, 2020


   I was born in “our new house” in Mount Pleasant, Utah. Papa had built it himself, mostly, of cream-colored brick. And there was a porch all across the front, with a porch swing, And room for rocking chair and other chairs beside, To sit on a warm summer day. 

Grandma Sanderson came from Fairview, for a visit and held me on her lap, As she rocked on the porch when I was just a baby way back in nineteen hundred and fourteen. Mama and Papa and my sister Crystal stood nearby. And we had a picture taken. 

Papa was born in Mt. Pleasant and Mama in Fairview, So, of course, the Mt. Pleasant boys thought Fairview girls were prettier, and vice versa. 

Papa was part owner of a confectionary called Crystal ice Cream, And that’s where my sister got her name. They name me Ruby because it seemed to go well with Crystal. She was blond and I was sort of dark, always the heart wants to return home Until the circle is completed. For this we all yearn. But some of me will remain until I’ve tasted more beneficence, More appreciation, and can discern. When sorrow has sculptured all the hollows of my heart. When history of all my own I’ve prepared and know, I shall answer then, (Across the silent deep.) But reluctantly I’ll go.  

And our 4th of July dresses were generally blue for Crystal And red for me. After we moved to the City, we usually went back to Sanpetefor the 4th of July and to visit Grandma Sanderson in Fairview And Grandma Fechser in Mt. Pleasant. There was the patriotic meeting in the church house, and the parade down the street, with the band playing, And Crystal and I each had our own little flags to wave. There was the Rodeo, and an afternoon dance for children, And a night dance for grownups and even Grandma went to watch. And babies were put on benches to sleep. And when we walked down Main Street, in our new dresses, Those who sat and watched speculated as to who we were and we felt important. When we drove up to Grandma’s house, She was always sitting by the window watching for us. And Mama said, “Now run inside And give Grandma a big kiss.” 

I sat on her lap and marveled at the big wrinkles In her face and hands. I told her a nursery rhyme once about Little Joan who said when nobody’s with me I’m always alone, And Grandma laughed so hard the tears rolled down her cheeks. She went out in the back yard and caught a chicken and chopped off its head, and we watched it flopping around, and making clucking noises without any head. Grandma talked a lot about dying, And once when someone was fixing the wall of her house, she said, “Now don’t you boys fix that too good, Or I won’t want to die.”

Tuesday, September 15, 2020

Sanpete Honors Forgotten Souls

Memorial is dedicated to 'Poor Farm' inhabitants
By Deseret News May 28, 2001, 10:40am MDT
Carma Wadley senior writer


William Ditmer was a blind shoemaker who lived and worked in Fairview. At the end of his life, he went to live at the "Poor Farm," as the Sanpete County Infirmary was called in those days. When he died in 1916, Ditmer was buried in an unmarked pauper's grave.

Legacy's a quirky thing. Those who try to manufacture it are not always successful. Those who never give it a thought are often the ones who have untold impact.

When William Ditmer lived out his quiet, useful life in Fairview, he probably had no idea that all these years later people would be remembering him. Or that because of him, others whose only claim to fame might be that they did the best they could would be honored.

This Memorial Day, the town of Fairview is dedicating a monument to all those who lived and died at the Infirmary. They need to be remembered in a positive way, said Norma Vance, who has spearheaded the the memorial project. "At the time, there was a bit of a stigma attached to going to the Poor Farm. Maybe this will help to exonerate them."

Many of them were immigrants, far from their families. But to come here showed such faith and courage, she said. And many were simply caught by circumstance. "When age came upon them, some fell victim to ill health and could no longer do for themselves."

The story of the monument actually began on a wintry day in 1992. A former resident of Fairview came to the home of Norma and Herald Vance with an old clarinet. It had belonged to William Ditmer, the man said, and it should go in the Fairview Museum.

"I had read a little about Ditmer, but when I actually saw and touched his clarinet, he seemed so real, and I wanted to know more about him," Norma said.

She thought about him from time to time. But it wasn't until 1998, when she and Herald were asked to speak at Fairview's Patriotic Program, that she did more research. "I knew I wanted to talk about William Ditmer."

He had been born in Denmark in 1857, she found. As a small boy he had contracted the measles, which had taken his sight. He learned the shoemaker trade at a school for the blind in Denmark. He joined the LDS Church and came to Fairview in 1886.

Golden Sanderson, one of Fairview's long-time residents, remembered Ditmer in his life story. "He did his shoe repairing mostly by feel," Sanderson wrote, "and could always pick up the right tool or tacks. . . . He lived an isolated life and barely lived off his trade. My parents often helped him with a bowl of soup or other food."

But Ditmer was also a skilled musician. "When darkness came with only the flicker of the kerosene lamp, it was comforting to hear strains of music coming from the old man's house," wrote Sanderson. "It was Ditmer who started some students out on reed instruments until finally a band was organized."

That's what struck her about Ditmer, says Norma. Here he was, blind and barely getting by, "but he gave something back to the community."

Norma went to the Fairview sexton's office to get Ditmer's exact birth and death dates, and that's when she found out that he had gone to live at the Poor Farm. "And I was shocked to see so many more names on the sexton's records of people who had died there."

At least 34 other men and women had died at the Infirmary during its years of operation, and many had been buried in unmarked graves at the Fairview Cemetery, she found.

After the talk at the Patriotic Program, one of the audience members commented on the need for a monument, and that kept nagging at the Vances, who finally took the matter to the City Council in September 1999.

The council agreed, but it has taken awhile to get it all put together. And it has become a community project.

"The Poor Farm was a special spot. Everyone knew where it was, and that's what everyone called it," says Margaret Bench, chaplain of the North Bench Camp of the Daughters of Utah Pioneers, which has been involved.

"One of our DUP themes is that our heritage binds us together," adds DUP secretary Becky Roberts. "And this is our heritage."

The infirmary was built in 1895. At that time, not only was the county's population increasing, but the economic depression of 1893 had created a growing number of indigents, and county commissioners looked for ways to support them.

"They settled upon the idea of purchasing a farm where able-bodied indigents could work," Norma said. A two-story building was constructed, with separate wings for the men and women. At any one time, it could accommodate between 16-20 men and eight women.

It operated until the early 1930s. The abandoned building was finally torn down in 1980.

Nowadays, you probably couldn't get away with calling it the Poor Farm, but it was an important part of Fairview history, Mayor Ron Giles said.

The granite marker has been created by Leon Monk, who owns a monument shop in Mt. Pleasant. The marker features a drawing of the building on one side, and a tribute to those who lived and died there on the other. They decided not to list individual names, Monk said, because there were some discrepancies in names and dates and they weren't sure they even had all of them.

It's been quite a project, but he's been glad to be involved, said Monk, who has donated all his labor in creating the monument. "Those people had tough lives. But we need to remember them."

Remembering, after all, is what this day is all about.

But it is not just for their sake that we remember the William Ditmers of the world, Norma said, it is also for our own. The very act of remembering can make us more aware, more appreciative, more connected to each other.

And that, as much as anything, may be the legacy of the blind shoemaker of Fairview.