Relic Home and Blacksmith Shop

Thursday, April 23, 2009

BARBERS REMEMBERED




Our Mt. Pleasant Relic Home has a new display.


A display to honor the local barbers throughout the history of our established community. It is a collection of straight-edge razors once used to shave the beards of pioneers as well as the more modern day gentlemen who preferred to go to a barber than to do it themselves.


The first two barbers on record, found in Hilda Madsen Longdorf’s History of Mt. Pleasant are J. C. Barton and C. E. Hampshire. Both of these barbers lost their barber shops in a devastating fire in the early morning of July 24th 1898. Many other businesses on the north side of Main Street were a total loss as well.


Peter Hafen has been working on this collection for some time. He has been able to collect straight-edge razors from the families of known barbers of our community. For those barbers that he was not able to find a razor, he has substituted from his own collection, as this is a hobby for him.


Peter is a licensed barber and has given many gentlemen a clean shave. He once worked in the Hotel Utah Barbershop. He also owned and operated his own shop in Provo, called Yogi’s. After moving back to Mt. Pleasant, he cut hair at night in his barbershop on State Street.


The barbers remembered in this collection are: J.C. Barton, C.E. Hampshire, James Walker, Bill Rowe, Slim Borg, Lorraine Beck, Keith Allred, Wayne Stansfield, Deb Miller, Bardell Beck, Bernard Burnside, Jim Fillis, Dewey Scow, Alt Brotherson, Orval Simons, and Peter Hafen.


It is hoped that this collection will be viewed by many generations in the years to come. It marks a very important trade practiced here in Mt. Pleasant, and brings back memories of those days when the local barbershop was not only where locals went to get a haircut or shave, but also to catch up on the news of the day.

Monday, April 20, 2009

Memories of Hamilton by Buddy...(L.R. Christensen)

In his book, "They Knew Me as Buddy and Other Tales" Lee R. Christensen records some very interesting memories of his era (1930s) at Hamilton Elementary School. With his permission I would like to share some of those memories with everyone here.



"As I look at the Hamilton School picture - north side of school - I'm trying to remember if I was ever in the belfry or on that little balcony. And I don't remember ringing the bell. I do remember ringing the bell at the Southward Church."





"The glorious memory of Hamilton is the fire escape. Verl Johansen and Marsden Allred loved to throw us onto the slide during fire drill. I wonder if anyone has a record of how fast we vacated the school. I would want it recorded at the time of the event. By now, the time is 30 seconds or less. Two minutes, more likely. I don't recall anyone getting hurt, but we did pile up at the bottom."



"Remember the iodine pills we took in class for goiter. How did that get started? Lasted about one year. You could not dispense medicine in class these days - not even in the Mt. Pleasant schools. And how we lined up for our shots. Just like the Army. There was always someone who fainted. Fern Olsen, I remember, fainted once. Marsden Allred carried her outside for fresh air. This activity always gave us boys a chance to show how brave and tough we were while the girls cringed, whined and fainted. We boys were terrified that we might faint".


Sunday, April 19, 2009

WATER HAS ALWAYS BEEN AN ISSUE

Ever since the Utah Pioneers entered the valley of Sanpete, water has been a concern. From the History of Mt. Pleasant by Hilda Madsen Longsdorf we read about the early Mt. Pleasant fort, "The water supply was obtained from Pleasant Creek, which passed almost parallel east and west through the center of the fort. A large bridge was erected over the stream." "All corrals for the cattle were built to the north, just outside the fort, leaving a road-way between." At this time Mount Pleasant was a thriving community of about eight hundred inhabitants, with about 1200acres of ground under cultivation.(pp 51-52)



The first entry about water in the History of Mt. Pleasant: "In an act of the territorial legislature approved February 20th, 1868, incorporating Mt. Pleasant, the following provisions were made: "All that portion of Sanpete County embraced within the following boundaries, to-wit, beginning at the mouth of Cedar Creek Canyon, thence running westwardly down the center of the channel of said Cedar Creek to the bridge of the road leading from Spring Town to Mt. Pleasant, as traveled at the present time, giving half the waters of Cedar Creek to Spring Town during the season of irrigation, and from said bridge running due west course until it shall intersect the eastern boundary of Moroni City: thence north along said boundary four miles: thence east¬ward crossing San pitch River to Birch Creek, thence up the center of said Birch Creek to the mountains, giving half of the waters of said Birch Creek to Mt. Pleasant, and the other half to Fairview, thence southwardly along the slopes of the mountains to the place of beginning shall be known and designated under the name and style of Mt. Pleasant, and the inhabitants therein are hereby constituted a body corporate and politic by the name aforesaid and may have and use a common seal, which they may change and alter at pleasure." (pp 13-14)



Brigham Young encouraged the settlers to keep their settlements small:
"I am satisfied that as a general thing, the sooner the streams are let upon crops after they leave their canyons, the more produce can be raised with a given amount of water. This is especially the case when the streams are small. By concentrating streams at much expense of labor and waste of water under a hot sun and in loose soil, a larger settlement can be made at a given point; but not nearly so many persons can be sustained in a given valley as by the mode of making smaller settlements, as they are large enough for safety at the nearest points where water can be applied to tillable soil." (p 58)

Water from streams was used to power old fashioned water wheels: "During the late summer and during the fall and winter months, P. M. Peel and James Porter Sr., built a chopping mill on Peel's lot on Pleasant Creek, (northeast corner, intersection, Main Street and First West) where the stream had previously been taken out and used for irrigation purposes. Here the stream furnished the water power with which to run the mill. Owing to the distance to the nearest flour mill, this mill was a great assistance, and the people were glad to take their wheat there to be chopped. It was ground between two stones and came out quite black, but coarse as it was, it served the purpose and was used for bread. At about this time, a small Burr mill was built east on Pleasant Creek, a little south of where the Mount Pleasant flour mill is now, by John Fredrick Fechser and John Ellertsen, (Spring City). A whip saw was installed in the fort, on the banks of Pleasant Creek, by Wellington Seeley and Rudolph N. Bennett, and was operated by Thomas Dutton." (p 64)



In 1861 we read: "Early in the spring, David Candland, who had recently' ar­rived from Salt Lake City to make his home in Mount Pleasant, located on some land south of the city and east of the cemetery. There was a spring on this land and on account of the scarcity of water, the people objected to his taking it. Later, a compromise was made, and twenty acres of land in the field was purchased and given him in exchange." (p69)



"Five creeks contribute their water to irrigate the land. Pleasant Creek is made to turn machinery every few rods, and so strong and rapid is the current that mills could advantageously be located along the stream very near to each other.
We have good peace here and the usual spirit of industry is manifested."

'No pent up city controls our powers,
The whole mountain Territory is ours.' (p 70)

taken from a letter to the Deseret News by David Candland; June 8, 1861


Disputes
A dispute came up among the settlers over the water. This was later settled by Orson Hyde, who decreed one-half of the water of Cedar Creek to Mount Pleasant, and the remaining one-half to Spring Town. Birch Creek water was divided likewise, one-­half to Mount Pleasant, and one-half to Fairview. (p 73)


On account of the scarcity of water, a meeting was called and it was agreed to dig a canal from Fairview down through the field. It was surveyed by Abraham Day and companies of ten were organized with foremen appointed to oversee the work. The water was taken out just below Fairview, the terminus of the canal was in the field south of the country road leading to Moroni and crossing at a point less than a mile below Mount Pleasant.
The using of the Sanpitch water was later discontinued on account of the objection made by the settlers of Moroni. The upper part of the canal in 1914 furnished the water power for the Fairview Roller Mills, located on the west side of the highway about two miles south of Fairview. The other end of the canal is now used for diverting the water south from Pleasant Creek. (p 80)

City Water Works
Mt. Pleasant business district was steadily being improved, and fire protection was discussed by the city council. The thought was expressed that although the treasury was "in a very depleted condition." some steps should be taken to secure a water system for domestic purposes and for extinguishing fires. The following is copied, "How to accomplish it was the next question, whether to borrow or let the revenue pay."(p 168)

"In March 1903, while George Christensen was mayor, the city voted a bond for water works, but not until 1905, during H. C. Beaumann's term, were contracts let for installing the system. In due time, the system was installed, and with its completion. the settling barrels with their prickly pears, which had been used at most every home for the settling of the roily water, disappeared."

"June 13, 1894, the city council met in special session to con­sider the proposition of constructing a waterworks system. The petitions of Jonas H. Ericksen et. al. and William Zabriskie et. al., praying for a franchise to erect a system of city waterworks were read, and was, after considerable discussion, referred to the city attorney."

A committee was appointed to canvass the taxpayers on Main Street, in order to obtain their sentiment as to bonding the city for a waterworks system. If results there were favorable they were to continue throughout the city, otherwise it would be dropped. (P175)

Windmills

"Many wells had been dug, and in a number of places pumps installed, yet it had been a common sight to see people carrying water from wells where the water was thought to be extra good. A number of wind mills had also been erected, the first being the one by J. B. Hunter on Hoo Doo Hill. Mr. S. E. Jensen and J. H. Seeley, with the wind mill pump installed a water works system in their homes, while for the Ferdi­nand Ericksen home a hand pump was used. "(p183)

"While John Carter was mayor for two years, Plat "C" was added to the city. An estimate of the cost of building a water­works system was made at $20,949.64." (p241)

"The flood gave W. D. Candland and his associates financial and other troubles. A $25,000.00 bond issue was voted for the purpose of piping pure spring water into the waterworks system."

And so the water saga continues. ..... Current administrations have had to deal with many problems concerning the domestic-use water system, as well as the current irrigation system which is used to water our lawns and flower beds. But with the influx of more people wanting to build homes and wanting to have nice manicured lawns and landscape; we always seem to run out of irrigation water. The amounts of snowmelt the last few years has been very low. Somewhere down the line, something will need to be done to conserve our water resources. Perhaps a building maratorium will need to be issued. Maybe we can learn to recycle our water, rather than let it go to waste. Perhaps we can forego the nice lawns and follow the landscape techniques used in other Southwestern communities like New Mexico and Arizona. Too bad Sanpete Valley wasn't blessed with giant aquifers like are found under St. George and other Washington County communities.

Friday, April 17, 2009

Mt. Pleasant Water - Best in the State (February 4, 2004)

ITS OFFICIAL......get the details now:

http://www.utahheritage.com/press_releases/2004/pr-02-29-2004.htm


We really do have the best water in the state of Utah, and maybe in the Nation. Does that sound too bold? No, not to me. We maybe need to start bottling it. I'm not sure about selling it. We have too little as it is. Why not just promote the fact we have the best here, and then encourage people to come here to visit and enjoy it with us. Thereby, encouraging more tourist traffic. Well, just to get everyone to come and see what a really cool place Mt. Pleasant is. And its residents aren't bad either...

Tuesday, April 14, 2009

Recipes: Kanapoost and Cottage Cheese

PIONEER RECIPES

These recipes are Danish, from the Ericksens. Grandma used to make the cottage cheese from milk that had been skimmed of cream. Mother used to make the cottage cheese and feed the dry curds mixed with cracked grain to her chickens.

It is important to use raw milk for these two recipes. I tried using pasteurized milk and it left a bitter taste in the cottage cheese. Using commercial cottage cheese for the kanapoost also left a bitter taste.........Alice Hafen


Cottage Cheese
4 cups raw skimmed milk
Set milk aside and skim cream from the top. Let sour and when it is clabbered, put it on the back of the stove to cook. (this was the back of an old coal stove where there was very little heat.) When the milk separates, pour into a colander to drain. Do not squeeze the drying curds.
To serve, mix dry curds with Miracle Whip and salt and pepper to taste.
Kanapoost
One recipe of cottage cheese (above)
Salt
Pepper
Caraway seeds
Put cottage cheese in small crock or glass jar and set for a few days with cheese cloth on top. Stir once a day until it gets ripe and then stir in salt, pepper and caraway seeds to taste. Form into a roll about 2 and on half inches long and 2 inches around. It is ready to eat. If it gets hard after a few days, you can grate it.

Friday, April 10, 2009

PHOTOS FROM THE PAST

Yesterday, amidst the old books in the attic of the Relic Home, I found two pictures. The following is obviously a photo of one of the Hamilton classes. When enlarged, the inscription on the blackboard reads: " Mt. Pleasant School, Art Livingston, Teacher".

This inscription found on the back



This building is still standing at 51 West 100 South. Sign on top says, "FEED STABLE". In the background, you can see the old Wasatch Academy Administration Building.

Tuesday, April 7, 2009

PIONEER DAY RECAP

Included with this post are the final "novice photograph shots".


Lucinda and Terry Brotherson create the most delicious sour-dough scones.


Travis Rosenlof, Mark Rosenlof and Dixie Rosenlof Lewis


Mary Ursenbach, Virginia Scovil Harder and LaRita Peterson Beck.
Ramona Parry and Lucy Swenson.
Diane Beck Lund and her crew do a wonderful job assembling and serving the delicious box lunches.





Pioneer Day was a huge success. Our Pioneer ancestors would be proud of the efforts and ultimate results of our entire celebration; from the art show, program, blacksmith shop, relic home, games, and especially the sour dough scones.

There were times at the Relic Home when no one else could possibly fit inside. Many people from out of town, who didn't go to the program, knew the Relic Home would be open and just wanted to see it. Many were searching genealogy. Another couple were interested in the architecture of the home itself. Another family brought in some photos of their pioneer ancestors, who were original pioneers to Mt. Pleasant.

The day turned out to be sunny and warm for March. Children had fun playing games on the lawn. Peter had made up a few "prairie diamonds" to give away.

The program and lunch were very well done. Even though it takes time to let everyone introduce themselves, it is a very necessary part of the program's success.
The love everyone expresses for Mt. Pleasant and others in attendance is very heart warming. It reminds me of the "toasts" that the earlier original pioneers and some descendents would give back in 1909. These we read about in Hilda Longdorf's History of Mt. Pleasant.

Mt. Pleasant will continue to celebrate its Sesquicentennial throughout "2009", with various activities.
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Friday, April 3, 2009

CELEBRATION PICTURES ......more

Minnie Jo Seely, such a sweetheart.



Carol Ney Beesley, Shirley Ney Miller, and a half of Bert Sorensen....sorry.





Francis Carlson (Frannie) enjoying the crowd.







Dale Peel, our new President, going over his notes.









Paul Peel and his new bride.

Wednesday, April 1, 2009

PIONEER OF THE MONTH, APRIL: Caratat Conderset and Mary Napier Rowe

Conderset Caratat and Mary Napier Rowe, sitting on their front porch. This picture was prob ably taken while they were living in Mountainville.








Excerpts taken from histories by Loretta Rowe Burnside and Jennie Allred Brotherson. Both Histories can be found in the History of Mountainville by Melba Hill.




Caratat Conderset Rowe, son of William Niblo Rowe and Candace Branchard Rowe, was born in Perry Township, Delaware County, Indiana on May 11, 1823. The family had migrated from the northeastern states. He often told his grandchildren that his name was Caratat Conderset Nichols John Rowe. The grandchildren thought this was just another joke that their witty and fun-loving grandfather was telling them. But he may have been named for the Marque de Jean Marie Antione Nicholas Caratat Condercet. Caratat was of medium height and had dark brown hair and brown eyes.





It seemed that the Rowes lived near the Latter Day Saint Church headquarters and were acquainted with the early church leaders whom they respected. As a youngster, Caratat heard the gospel from missionaries. It was not until he realized how much the “Mormons” were being persecuted for their faith that Caratat became interested. He was baptized August 12, 1842. As a young man he married Mary Napier, a lovely blue eyed, red haired Scotch lassie who was a “Mormon” convert immigrant.





Mary Napier was born March 30, 1823 in Kilayth, Lanarkshire Scotland. Her parents were Janette Gillis and John Napier. Mary was descended from the royal family of Scotland and of Ireland. Genealogists have traced her lineage back for many generations; on one line to 1700 B.C. She was of the royal line of Judah through King Zedikah according to Church records. Many interesting facts are thus brought out concerning her ancestral lines and their history.





When missionaries of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints preached the gospel in Scotland, Mary and her sister Isabella were converted. They were baptized, though it is not known if at the same time. Mary and Isabella were the only ones of their family to come to America. It is not known at this time if Isabella ever came to Utah. Elder Franklin D. Richards was one of the missionaries who preached the gospel to Mary.





Mary’s great faith and the friendships she gained kept her happy. She seemed to enjoy the spiritual gift of Vision of Prophecy. Many times she knew of coming events before they actually occurred.

Shortly after their marriage came the call for enlistments in the Mormon Battalion. Caratat joined with his two cousins, William and Manning Rowe. The Battalion left Fort Leavenworth, Kansas and marched toward the southwest to prevent further trouble between the United States Government and Mexico. The trials and hardships the men endured are well known. A sick detachment of men were sent to Pueblo, Colorado to spend the winter of 1846-47.





During the journey William Rowe became very ill and was unable to walk. The officer in charge thought this poor sick man would die. He advised the company to leave him there and move on. Caratat sat cross-legged on the ground beside his sick cousin. With his musket across his lap, he refused to leave. Finally, the officer in charge gave an order and William was lifted into a wagon. He recovered and was able to endure the journey into Utah.



C.C. Rowe - Mormon Batallion Marker


Bound for Utah with the sick detachment, which included 140 members of the Batallion, were 40 Saints, 29 wagons, one carriage, 100 horses and 300 cattle. This company arrived in Utah just five days after the arrival of the first company of pioneers. (July 29, 1847).





Caratat traveled east to meet his family. He left Salt Lake Valley on August 26, 1847. During the journey his feet were frozen.
While Caratat had been away with the battalion, his wife, Mary, lived with Caratat’s parents in Iowa. Caratat Conderset Rowe, Jr. was born in Iowa on August 10, 1848/49. Candace Blanchard Rowe was born July 24, 1851 while the family was still in Iowa.





The family were members of a wagon train company which left Kanesville, Iowa in 1853 headed by Henry B. Jolley. They arrived in the Salt Lake Valley on September 15, 1852. Caratat and his family settled in Payson in Utah County.
Here three children were born: William Napier, born 15 September 1853; Jennett Sterling, born 24 August 1855; and a son, Ilinian (called Allen, Lin or Leen) born 12 July 1858.





When the Walker War was raging, Caratat served under the rank of Second Lieutenant. He was a member of Company “B” of the Payson Post of the Nauvoo Legion and also a member of the “Silver Greys”.
In 1860 the family moved to Sanpete County and settled at Mt. Pleasant. On April 23, 1861, a daughter Mary was born.
For several years Caratat and his sons did farming and stock raising in Thistle Valley at Indianola. Here they were active in defense of this summer settlement when Indians were on the war path. Both Caratat and his son “Con” were active in the Blackhawk War. Whenever possible, they tried to remain on friendly terms with the Indians. “Con” learned to speak the Indian language and had many friends among them.





A more detailed description of those early days is given in the history of Indianola from Centennial History of Sanpete County, “These Our Fathers”.
Indianola, originally called Thistle Valley, is located in the northern end of Sanpete County on Highway 89. As the name indicates, it was once the home of a tribe of Indians. They settled in a protected cove in the southeast part of the valley, called “Indian Hollow”. Here their horses and stock could feed throughout the winter among the cedars and in the ravines of the canyon. A large part of the valley consists of grass meadow land. It was for this reason that the early colonists of Fairview and Mt. Pleasant, among them Caratat Conderset Rowe, used this valley and Milburn Valley as summer pasture for their beef and dairy heads, their sheep and pigs.





They constructed small movable buildings called “herd houses” or “dairy houses”. The roofs of these buildings were somewhat in the manner of our sheep wagons of today and were covered with canvas. They could easily be moved about on wheels and follow the herds. In those the “herd boys” lived.





One year a herd of pigs had been brought to Thistle Valley for the summer. When they were being driven back to town, the men who were driving the pigs tgried to make them travel a little faster. As a result they all died from becoming overheated. The particular spot on the road about half way between Indianola and Hilltop is still known as the “Hog Dugway”.





Peter Gottfredsen, Caratat Conderset Rowe, Coderset Rowe Jr., Nathan Staker and his sons, Aaron and Joseph, were some of the herders of these flocks. Peter Gottfredsen in his book, “Indian Depredations in Utah” notes that after the close of the Tintic War in 1856, the Indians were comparatively peaceful until 1863. They again became dissatisfied, thinking that their hunting grounds were being taken from them by the white settlers.





In June 1866, Captain Albert P. Dewey of Colonel Kimball’s command was ordered to establish a key post in Thistle Valley. There were 22 cavalry and 35 infantry, the latter under Captain Jesse West. A few days later, they were attacked by a band of Indians under “Chief Black Hawk”. The battle lasted all day and Charles Brown of Draper was killed. If help had not arrived from Mt. Pleasant, there isno doubt that the Indians would have taken the camp.





The mountain now known as “Blackhawk” was used by Chief Black Hawk and his warriors as a signal point. Just east of this peak, in the Red Cliffs, is an old Indian burial ground. Undoubtedly, the Indians killed during the Blackhawk War were buried there. Many of the older Indians were buried here after they made peace with the whites.





One of the most horrible deeds committed during the Blackhawk War by the Indians was the massacre of the John Given family in the Thistle Valley on the morning of May 26, 1865. John Given, his wife, son and three small daughters were killed instantly. Two men, Charles Brown and Charles Wager Leah, who lived with the Givens, were able to escape and go down the canyon to a small settlement and report what had happened. After the massacre, the Indians gathered up the possessions of the family and killed or crippled the calves, and drove off with between one hundred and two hundred head of horses and cattle into the mountains.





While Caratat was living in Indianola, he built a wagon. The wheels were sawed off log ends reinforced with pieces of iron nailed around the outside edge of the wheels. Later, Caratat, his sons, Con and Allen moved their families to a valley east of the “Round Hills” in Sanpete County. They acquired farming land. The little settlement became known as Mountainville. Caratat was presiding Elder of this branch of the Mt. Pleasant North Ward of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints for many years.


Caratat's Tombstone - Mt. Pleasant Cemetery



An Indian whose name was James Onumph used to come to the home of Mary and Caratat Conderset Rowe quite often when they were living at Mountainville. Once when he was visiting with them, "Indian Jim" as he was called was talking with Grandma Mary. He asked her a question pertaining to a principle of the gospel and Mary was attempting to answer the question. She started to speak then said, "I wish that I could answer your question so that you could understand. I would like to have the language to explain it to you, and to make it clear to you". Then thge Indian said to her "Stand Up". She began to speak. Again he said, "Stand Up". Mary stood up, and began to speak to him. Onumph nodded his head and Onumph again nodded his head. It was plain that he knew what she meant. But no one else in the room could understand, even her sons and daughter-in-law. She spoke in a language which her children did not understand. But James Onumph or "Indian Jim", clearly understood what she said. Grandma Mary Napier Rowe had spoken with the spiritual gift of tongues.


Mary Napier Rowe Tombstone - Mt. Pleasant Cemetery

Genealogy Quote



"In all of us there is a hunger, marrow-deep, to know our heritage - to know who we are and where we have come from."



~Alex Haley




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